Q:

How is hydronephrosis treated?

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Quick Answer

Hydronephrosis is commonly treated by addressing the underlying issue, as stated by the National Kidney Foundation. Antibiotics may be used to treat some conditions, thus eliminating the need for surgery. Some cases of hydronephrosis will need a surgical operation to remove blockage and drain urine from the kidney.

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Full Answer

Hydronephrosis is a health condition characterized by stretching and swelling of one or both kidneys because of the accumulation of urine. This occurs when the urine cannot be drained out due to a blockage. The most common symptom of this condition is severe pain that affects the back and hip. Others include fever, urgency of urination and vomiting, as stated by Healthline.

This condition can be caused by a number of external and internal factors that affect the function of the kidney. In both men and women, hydronephrosis is commonly caused by kidney stones. Other causes may include pregnancy, enlarged prostate, tissue scarring, blood clot, congenital blockage, tumor and urinary tract infection.

An ultrasound is usually done to confirm the presence of the condition. In this procedure, sound waves are used to create an image of the kidney. Other medical procedures, such as CT scan, X-rays and an MRI scan, may also be conducted by a doctor.

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