Hospitals specialize in a certain type of surgery depending on which doctors the facility has on staff to perform procedures. If a hospital does not have a surgeon on staff, the administrators inform patients that it does not specialize in that type of surgery, according to the National Cancer Institute.
To find out if a hospital specializes in a certain type of surgery, potential patients can call the hospital directory and ask what surgeons work in that hospital, and whether any of these surgeons perform the necessary procedure. The National Cancer Institute suggests that patients only seek care in a hospital that has a specialized surgeon on staff for their condition.
Surgeons represent just one of dozens of types of physicians that patients encounter in a hospital, explains the KidsHealth resource from the The Nemours Foundation. The National Cancer Institute points out that patients get treated for emergency purposes at any hospital, but planned surgeries or rare surgeries only take place in hospitals that specialize in that procedure. The best treatment plan for patients is to find a primary care physician and primary surgeon to treat the condition.
According to the Hospital for Special Surgery, many surgeons seek work at hospitals that encourage specialized types of surgery, including orthopedics and rheumatology.