Honey is nutritious and has beneficial antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. It contains phytonutrients such as phenylethyl dimethylcaffeate, caffeic acid methyl caffeate and phenylethyl caffeate, which posses antitumor and cancer-preventing properties. Honey provides the best health benefits in its raw form and loses its nutritional value when heated and processed.
Honey possesses antibacterial properties that combat some harmful bacteria and can interfere with the growth of salmonella and E. coli. A special kind of honey that is treated with ultraviolet light and not processed retains its antibacterial abilities and is used to heal wounds. Children under 1 year old should not eat honey because their immune systems are not yet capable of defending against botulism, which is a deadly bacteria that is sometimes found in honey.