Most cases of bowel blockage require hospital treatments, states Mayo Clinic. During a hospital visit, the first step is to stabilize the condition. The treatment methods may differ if a patient has a partial or complete mechanical blockage. Paralytic ileus requires careful monitoring but is often a temporary condition that gets better without treatment.
Stabilizing a bowel blockage involves placing an intravenous line into the vein to give the patient fluids and medicine, says Mayo Clinic. The doctor may insert a nasogastric tube into the stomach through the nose to remove fluids and air, easing the abdominal swelling. Placing a catheter into the bladder helps to drain urine, which is taken to the lab for testing.
Patients who have partial blockage may not require treatment after stabilization, says Mayo Clinic. A patient needs to eat a low-fiber diet that is easy for the intestine to process. If the problem does not improve, the doctor may recommend a surgery. A surgical procedure is necessary for patients who experience a complete blockage. The procedure a patient undergoes depends on the cause of the condition. In some cases, a bowel blockage can get better on its own, says WebMD. If treatment is necessary, doctors use enemas to relieve the obstruction.