Recommended home treatments for bedbug bites include washing the affected areas with soap and water and applying a corticosteroid cream for itchy bites, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Bedbug bites often heal and disappear after one or two weeks.
Home treatments for bedbug bites are advisable if a person doesn’t show signs of infection or severe reaction, states the American Academy of Dermatology. Individuals with numerous bites and blisters should consult a dermatologist for an appropriate treatment. A skin infection, in which bites seem tender or secrete a liquid discharge, and an allergic reaction, characterized by redness and swelling, also require professional medical care.
In some cases, an antihistamine, epinephrine or corticosteroid injection is necessary to treat a serious allergic reaction, says the American Academy of Dermatology. Doctors typically prescribe an antibiotic to treat an infection. They may suggest a nonprescription antiseptic medication for a mild infection. To relieve itching, a prescription antihistamine liquid or pill is often recommended.
To determine the presence of bedbugs, a person should check for bites in a zigzag pattern that lead to itchy welts, advises the American Academy of Dermatology. As bedbugs are hard to see, it is important to check for signs of a bedbug infestation, including a sweet, musty smell, tiny blood spots on bedding or upholstered furniture, and bedbug excrement that appears as small, black specks.