Home treatment for aspiration pneumonia involves taking antibiotics or cough medicine, using inhalers and nebulizers, or using a humidifier or vaporizer, according to Drugs.com. It is also important to stop smoking, maintain a healthy diet and drink lots of water daily.
Aspiration pneumonia occurs when an individual inhales a liquid or an object into the lungs, explains Drugs.com. Antibiotics help kill bacteria to fight or prevent infections, whereas cough medicines called expectorants allow a person to expel phlegm more easily. Cough medicines that inhibit an individual’s urge to cough are known as cough suppressants. Health care professionals may also recommend one or more inhalers for easier breathing and coughing up of mucus.
Anyone with aspiration pneumonia should not smoke or go near people who smoke, as smoke can increase the risk of lung infections, notes Drugs.com. It is also essential to stay away from dust and chemical fumes and to stop drinking alcohol. To improve breathing and reduce coughing, it helps to increase air moisture indoors by using a cool mist humidifier or a vaporizer.
A balanced diet includes vegetables, fruits, breads and proteins, states Drugs.com. A person should also drink at least 8 cups of water daily to keep the air passages damp and eliminate irritants more quickly. Last, individuals are advised to use germ-fighting hand lotion or soap and water to clean hands.