Home remedies for heartburn and gas include over-the-counter medicines such as antacids, acid blockers and proton pump inhibitors, explains WebMD. Avoiding food triggers, such as acidic, high-fat and spicy foods, and eating small, frequent meals at a leisurely pace sometimes help as well. These symptoms usually indicate simple indigestion, says eMedicineHealth.
Chocolate, caffeine, alcohol and cola drinks often aggravate heartburn and indigestion, so avoiding these foods helps some people with their symptoms, WebMD reports. However, not everyone reacts to the same foods, so it's a good idea for sufferers to keep a food diary to learn what foods to eliminate from their diet. Additionally, doctors advise heartburn sufferers to wait two to three hours after eating before they go to bed. Other lifestyle modifications such as not exercising until two hours after eating and drinking plenty of water help many people manage their symptoms as well. Chewing gum, which stimulates saliva production and helps break down acid in the esophagus, is another remedy that sometimes works, as does elevating the head of the bed during sleep.
Recurrent heartburn is often a sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, Mayo Clinic states. More serious than occasional heartburn, GERD causes chronic inflammation of the esophagus, which leads to erosion of esophageal tissues, bleeding, scarring and narrowing of the esophagus over time. Barrett's esophagus, a precancerous condition, is another consequence of persistent GERD.