Home remedies for tongue and oral irritation include pain relievers such as Tylenol or ibuprofen, gargling with salt water, sucking on ice cubes, practicing proper dental care and applying over-the-counter topical ointments. It is also ideal to avoid consuming foods and beverages that are hot in temperature or spicy, according to WebMD.
Stomatitis is the general term applied to various oral irritations. This condition may occur on the tongue, lips, gums and palate and inside the cheeks, explains WebMD. Most mouth sores last for two weeks or less, even without treatment.
Different types of stomatitis include canker and cold sores. Oral irritation may also be caused by biting the cheek, tongue or lip, chewing tobacco, burns from hot foods or drinks, and wearing braces or other dental apparatuses. Gum disease, hypersensitivity, autoimmune diseases and certain drugs also cause oral irritation, notes WebMD. If the cause of oral irritation is identifiable, a doctor may be able to suggest specific treatments for the underlying cause.
The cause of canker sores is unknown, as of 2015. However, many things are contributed to their development, such as certain medications, oral trauma, poor nutrition, stress, bacterial or viral infections, and a lack of sleep. Sudden weight loss and certain foods may also be contributing factors, adds WebMD.