Home remedies for a migraine include applying ice packs to the back of the neck, forehead or temples, taking a nap, taking a warm shower or bath, massage, drinking water, resting in a low-lit room or physical therapy. Supplements such as magnesium, coenzyme Q10, riboflavin, feverfew and butterbur may also be effective, according to the Migraine Trust.
Migraine headaches are caused by the enlargement of blood vessels in the brain and the release of chemicals from tissue surrounding these vessels, according to Medical News Today. The release of these chemicals can cause inflammation, which can also increase pain. A common household spice is cayenne pepper, and the capsaicin in it has been known to work as an effective anti-inflammatory, according to Reader's Digest.
WebMD suggests aromatherapy with essential oils, either through inhaling the aromas or by rubbing small amounts of the oils on the temples during a migraine headache. Essential oils are thought to change the perception of pain and to encourage relaxation. Oils that are noted to be helpful are lavender, ginger and peppermint oils, says WebMD.
It is also believed that salt is a migraine cure; putting copious amounts of regular table salt in a glass of lemonade or lime juice and drinking it can relieve the pain of migraines quickly, according to Nature Hacks, who also suggests rubbing a wedge of lime across the forehead.
A cold or hot compress can help relieve tension in the head, neck and back area. Rubbing the temples with the index finger and thumb can also help relieve pain. People who are suffering from migraines related to neck and back tension may find that massage in the neck and back area help the tension.
A bit of rest and relaxation can sometimes relieve the pain. Migraine sufferers can try taking a quick nap, going for a walk, lying down or sitting in a room with low lighting for a few minutes.
Some supplements have proven effective in managing persistent migraines. For example, some migraines may stem from magnesium deficiency, so taking magnesium supplements may help treat the problem. Migraine sufferers should always consult their doctors before trying natural supplements, as some supplements can cause drug interactions and other side effects.
Treating migraines can sometimes involve physical therapy. If the migraines stem from long-term neck or back problems, daily physical therapy exercises can often create a long-term cure, according to WebMD.