Home remedies for treating head lice include soaking clothing and bedding in water with a temperature of 130 degrees Fahrenheit, dry cleaning, sealing contaminated items in a plastic bag for 2 weeks, wet-combing the hair, using domestic smothering agents and vacuum cleaning. If a child is affected, it is a good idea to consult a doctor or medical professional for assistance, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
One of the things to do when dealing with head lice infestation is general cleaning of the house. This means items like bedding and clothing should be washed in hot water to kill any eggs or lice that may have latched onto them. Vacuuming the house ensures eggs or nits are sucked from furniture or carpet.
For nits or eggs to hatch, they require certain conditions. Seal items that cannot be washed in a plastic bag and store them for 2 weeks to effectively create unsuitable conditions for the eggs to hatch.
The use of smothering agents such as butter, olive oil and petroleum jelly may make it difficult for lice to breathe, effectively killing them. Smothering agents such as anise oil and tea tree oil may also make it difficult for the eggs to hatch. To ensure safety within the home, only professionally recommended products should be used. Things like kerosene and gasoline should be avoided, according to Mayo Clinic.