Home remedies for mild folliculitis range from keeping the area clean to soaking in a mild bleach solution of 1/4 cup bleach in a bathtub of water, according to WebMD. Other remedies include using antibacterial skin washes with benzoyl peroxide or chlorhexidine and topical antibiotic ointments.
Protecting the area and cleaning it often keeps the infection from spreading and helps speed healing, notes Mayo Clinic. Applying oatmeal lotion or hydrocortisone cream may relieve itching and discomfort.
Folliculitis is the result of a bacterial or fungal infection of the hair follicle. If the infection is deep and involves much of the follicle, a doctor may prescribe a clindamycin or metronidazole lotion and a course of oral antibiotics, according to WebMD. Fungal infections may require a twice-daily treatment of antifungal shampoo or body wash, such as ketoconazole. More resistant cases of fungal folliculitis may necessitate topical antifungal creams or antifungal pills. In the most chronic or severe cases of folliculitis, a doctor may perform minor surgery to lance the boil and allow it to drain, reports Mayo Clinic.
Causes of folliculitis include friction from shaving or tight clothing and heat or sweat. Skin damage or certain skin conditions, such as acne or dermatitis, can also cause infection in the hair follicle.