Washing the area, applying a cold compress, and using medications, such as topical corticosteroids or antihistamines, are all home remedies for fire ant bites, according to HowStuffWorks. Individuals should also refrain from scratching the bites as scratching can make the bites worse.
Getting the ants off of the skin is the first step in treating fire ant bites, claims HowStuffWorks. In this case, a person needs to brush the ants off, as they cling to the skin. Do this with a cloth or rag, not a hand, if possible, as the ants may begin biting the hand, too.
It is important to clean the bite area with soap and water, explains HowStuffWorks. Cold compresses, oral antihistamines and topical medications used for bug bites may also be used to treat pain and itching. Individuals should avoid itching the pustules, if possible, as it can lead to infection.
Only about 1 percent of all people who are bitten by fire ants experience an allergic reaction, but it is important that those who are bitten know the signs, warns HowStuffWorks. Typical signs of fire ant allergy include chest pain, nausea, excessive sweating, swelling of the tongue or bite site, and slurred speech. Some people also experience difficulties breathing. A fire ant allergy may require emergency medical treatment.