Persistent or bacterial cystitis may require medical attention, but individuals can relieve inflammation symptoms with home remedies such as a sitz bath, states Mayo Clinic. A sitz bath involves soaking the body in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes. Using a heating pad on the lower abdomen is another option for soothing bladder discomfort or pressure. Doctors also recommend drinking extra fluids to stay hydrated, while avoiding irritants, such as caffeine, citrus juices, alcoholic beverages and spicy foods.
Bladder inflammation is known as cystitis, and treatment for the condition depends on the cause and severity, according to Medical News Today. Mild cases of cystitis generally last less than four days and resolve without treatment, so over-the-counter painkillers are often sufficient to manage minor discomfort. Although the findings are debated, some studies suggest cranberry juice may offer minor relief from symptoms and prevent the recurrence of urinary tract infections. For more serious bacterial infections, doctors may prescribe a three-day treatment with antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, nitrofurantoin or ciprofloxacin.
Bacterial cystitis is the most common form and typically leads to a urinary tract infection, which may cause serious symptoms if it spreads to the kidneys, notes Mayo Clinic. For recurrent infections, doctors typically extend the length of antibiotic treatment, and postmenopausal women may require a vaginal estrogen cream. Cystitis triggered by chemical substances typically improves by stopping exposure to the irritant. The cause of interstitial cystitis is unknown, so doctors use medications and therapeutic methods, such as distention, to control the bladder.