A home menopause test is performed by using over-the-counter test kits that screen the urine for follicle-stimulating hormone levels, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Elevated levels of follicle-stimulating hormone, produced in the body by the pituitary gland, can be a sign of the onset of menopause.
Home menopause tests measure the level of a hormone that varies widely in the body from month to month and over the course of a woman's life, warns the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. As such, these tests cannot officially diagnose menopause. The results of a home test are also affected by other hormonal influences, such as contraceptives or hormone therapy. The amount of water consumed before taking the test, and whether the test was done first thing in the morning, can also have an effect.
The onset of menopause is difficult to measure, as symptoms and age of onset can vary widely from woman to woman, notes WebMD. Even as menopause begins and periods become increasingly irregular, levels of follicle-stimulating hormone in the body may still fluctuate. As such, even if a home menopause test displays a lowered level of follicle-stimulating hormone, symptoms experienced may still be the result of menopause.
A woman should consult with her personal doctor if she is experiencing menopausal symptoms or believes that she may have begun menopause, recommends WebMD.