Sore throats can be cured at home through several methods, such as gargling with salt water; using a vaporizer or humidifier; and taking over-the-counter medications and lozenges, according to WebMD. Home treatments for a sore throat can be used alone or in combination until the sore throat disappears.
Gargling with salt water addresses the swelling and discomfort of a sore throat, explains WebMD. The proper mixture for gargling is 1 teaspoon of salt dissolved in 8 ounces of warm water. Gargling this mixture is done once per hour.
A humidifier or vaporizer can relieve a sore throat by removing some of the dry air causing throat irritation. People who do not have a humidifier or vaporizer can also sit or stand in a steamy bathroom, advises Mayo Clinic. A pan of water placed on the floor helps replace the dry air that causes a sore throat, notes WebMD.
Medicated throat lozenges or sprays that contain a local anesthetic help cure a sore throat by numbing it, states WebMD. Nasal decongestants can help cure a sore throat by addressing the post-nasal drip causing the pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen also treat the pain of a sore throat.