Although gout is not curable with home treatment, some home remedies may help alleviate symptoms, explains Mayo Clinic. These remedies include drinking plenty of water and other nonalcoholic drinks; avoiding foods rich in purines, such as seafood and red meat; staying at a healthy weight; and exercising regularly.
Gout treatment typically relies on medications, which are used to fight gout complications or treat gout attacks, states Mayo Clinic. Medications that treat gout-related complications increase the rate of removing uric acid from the body or block the production of uric acid altogether. The former also increases the level of uric acid in the urine and may lead to side effects including kidney stones, stomach pain and rash. The latter lowers the level of uric acid in the blood and may lead to side effects including nausea, rash, low blood counts and impaired liver functioning.
Medications that treat gout attacks include corticosteroids, colchicine and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory, or NSAID, drugs, according to Mayo Clinic. Corticosteroids are prescribed to treat pain and inflammation, and their side effects include higher blood pressure and blood sugar levels. They are typically only administered to patients who are unable to receive colchicine and NSAIDs. Colchicine is an effective form of pain relief, but its side effects include severe diarrhea and nausea. NSAIDs may be administered as over-the-counter or prescription drugs, and their side effects include ulcers, bleeding and pain in the stomach.