Using condoms the correct way when having sex and not engaging in risky sexual behaviors are two ways to prevent acquiring human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. People at high risk of contracting HIV can take a preventative drug called pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP. Planned Parenthood contributes to HIV prevention by providing outreach educators who meet with and inform teens and adults about the risk of HIV.
Condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV infection and curb the spread of sexually transmitted diseases that are transmissible through body fluids, states the CDC. People who use condoms every time can still acquire HIV. Reducing the number of sexual partners also decreases the chances of HIV transmission. An HIV-negative person who is in an ongoing sexual relationship with an HIV-positive person should consider PrEP.
The CDC recommends people to stop using and injecting drugs that carry a risk of spreading HIV. However, the CDC provides a list of guidelines that drug users should follow to reduce the risk, such as using new and sterile needles and works, never sharing needles or works, using sterile water, and cleaning the skin with a sterile alcohol swab before injecting.