What is the historical timeline of magnetic resonance imaging?


Quick Answer

The historical timeline of magnetic resonance imaging begins in 1882 with Nikola Tesla's discovery of the rotating magnetic field in Budapest, Hungary, according to Two Views. This discovery was followed by the observance of nuclear magnetic resonance in 1937 and the 1946 discovery of the magnetic resonance phenomenon.

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Full Answer

Herman Carr created a one-dimensional magnetic resonance image in the 1950s, states Two Views. In 1956, the International Electro-Technical Commission-Committee of Action determined that the strength of a magnetic field was to be measured in units called teslas. In 1971, Raymond Damadian discovered that magnetic resonance can identify the presence of cancerous tissue due to a difference in the amount of water that tumors withhold. One year later, Damadian applied for a patent for a magnetic resonance imaging machine to be used for the purpose of discovering cancerous tissue.

In 1973, Paul Lauterbur produced the first nuclear magnetic resonance image, notes Two Views. Five years later, in 1977, Raymond Damadian built the first MRI scanner by hand, producing an MRI scan of a healthy human being in the same year, and an image of a human being infected with cancer one year afterwards. Years later, in 1993, nuclear scientists developed functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques for the brain.

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