Q:

What does a high SGPT mean?

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Quick Answer

According to MedicineNet, a high serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, or SGPT, level indicates liver damage. SGPT is released into the bloodstream following injury to the liver. Normal values of SGPT range from 7 to 56 units per liter of serum.

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What does a high SGPT mean?
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Full Answer

While elevated SGPT levels indicate liver injury, they do not necessarily mean liver damage. For example, muscle damage may also cause elevated levels. Prognosis of a disease cannot be determined from high SGPT levels alone, notes MedicineNet. Hepatitis viruses represent such an example. High SGPT levels are present in those with hepatitis A, but most people affected by the disease fully recover. SGPT levels are not significantly elevated in those with hepatitis C, but the condition is chronic.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What does elevated levels of SGOT and SGPT indicate?

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    Elevated levels of SGOT and SGPT generally indicates liver damage or disease although it can also indicate muscle damage at times, according to Med-Health. SGOT stands for serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase or can also be known as AST for aspartate aminotransferase whereas SGPT stands for serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase or can also be known as ALT for alanine transferase. These two enzymes are highly sensitive markers that are used to determine the liver's ability to function in an efficient and effective manner.

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  • Q:

    What does it mean when you have high levels of SGOT and SGPT?

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    High levels of the enzymes aspartate aminotransferase, also called SGOT, and alanine aminotransferase, also called SGPT, are indicators of liver disease, according to MedicineNet. The injured or otherwise damaged liver sends these enzymes into the bloodstream.

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  • Q:

    How do you lower SGPT?

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    Lowering high SGPT levels is usually accomplished by abstaining from alcohol, losing weight or lowering high cholesterol. According to WebMD, certain medications also cause high SGPT levels. If this is the case, switching to a different medication usually eliminates this problem. Ultimately, the only way to lower SGPT levels is to eliminate whatever is causing them.

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  • Q:

    What does low SGPT mean?

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    Low SGPT is normally found in the blood and it often indicates a healthy liver. SGPT is now also called Alanine Aminotransferase, or “ALT.” A test for ALT measures how much damage is in a liver.

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