High blood protein, which is also known as hyperproteinemia, is an elevated blood protein level, according to Mayo Clinic. Though not a disease on its own, hyperproteinemia may be a sign of an underlying condition. It does not result from a high protein diet.
Some conditions that may raise the level of protein in the blood stream include multiple myeloma, HIV/AIDS, amyloidosis, dehydration and bone marrow disorder, states Mayo Clinic. Long-term inflammatory conditions and monoclonal gammopathy of undermined significance are also possible causes of hyperproteinemia. Doctors typically discover high blood protein while evaluating other conditions or symptoms. Upon discovery of high blood protein, a doctor may perform further tests such as serum protein electrophoresis, or SPEP, to diagnose any underlying condition. SPEP helps determine the specific protein causing hyperproteinemia and is also applicable in case a doctor suspects a bone marrow disorder.
Proteins are complex molecules that are necessary for the normal functioning of the body cells, explains Mayo Clinic. Various body parts make proteins that perform different functions. These proteins have various forms that include antibodies, albumin and enzymes. Some of the functions of proteins are fighting diseases, regulating of bodily functions and muscle building in the body. Proteins also facilitate the transport of substances such as drugs throughout the body.