A bulge in the affected area is the primary symptom of a hernia, according to Healthline. Other symptoms include chest pain, difficulty swallowing, acid reflux and pain in the area, particularly when coughing, lifting or bending over.Continue Reading
A hernia occurs from the formation of a hole or weakness in the peritoneum or muscular wall, allowing organs to push through, explains Medicine News Today. Sometimes, this condition causes no pain and has no noticeable symptoms. A hernia may obstruct the gut, requiring immediate surgery.
An untreated hernia may cause increased pressure on the nearby tissues, swelling, severe pain and nausea, says Healthline. Patients can prevent hernias by avoiding lifting excessively heavy weights, not smoking, avoiding straining during urination, and maintaining a healthy body weight. Treatments involve avoiding foods that cause heartburn; avoiding bending over after a meal; surgery; and medication, such as proton pump inhibitors and antacids.
An inguinal hernia is the primary type of hernia. This type is more common in men than in women and occurs due to a weak spot in the lower abdominal wall, causing the intestines to push through, notes Healthline. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper stomach pushes through an opening in the diaphragm,
called hiatus, while an incisional hernia occurs through the abdominal wall after abdominal surgery, according to WebMD. Causes include constipation, obesity, persistent coughing and poor nutrition.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms