Laparoscopic hernia surgery is like other laparoscopic procedures, where the surgeon gives general anesthesia to the patient and makes a tiny incision in or below the navel, according to WebMD. The surgeon enlarges the abdomen with air so she can view the patient’s abdominal organs more clearly.
A surgeon inserts a lighted scope known as a laparoscope into the incision, states WebMD. She also makes additional small incisions where instruments for repairing the hernia are inserted. The surgeon puts a mesh on the defect to strengthen the abdominal wall.
Patients often do not experience pain during a laparoscopic hernia surgery, notes Cleveland Clinic. A laparoscope enables surgeons to view the internal organs of the body on television screens inside the operating room. The carbon dioxide gas used to inflate the abdomen is harmless. Doctors cut the abdomen’s inner lining called the peritoneum to reveal the abdominal wall’s weakness. They staple or suture the peritoneum to close it, and they close the incisions with surgical tape or a couple of stitches.
Patients who undergo a laparoscopic hernia surgery typically go out of the hospital on the same day of the surgery, says WebMD. It takes around one to two weeks to recover and resume light activities. Doctors prohibit doing strenuous exercise within four weeks of recovery.