A hernia repair operation is a surgical procedure to repair weak tissue or close a breach in the abdominal wall so that internal tissues and organs, such as the intestines, cannot push through it, states Gore. A surgeon uses either open or laparoscopic surgery depending on hernia location and severity.
In open hernia surgery, a lengthy incision is made, and the protrusion of internal tissues is pushed back inside the abdominal wall. The weak wall area is stitched closed, or a synthetic mesh patch may be sewn over the area for reinforcement, according to WebMD. In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon inserts a lighted scope through one small incision to image the repair operation that is conducted via a second small incision.