People with type 2 diabetes may use herbs and supplements such as chromium, alpha- lipoic acid, cinnamon, ginseng, bitter melon and prickly pear cactus to manage their health; however, there is not enough scientific evidence that suggests that either dietary or herbal supplements work for this condition, states the National Institutes of Health's National Center for Complementary and Integrated Health. For example, there are a few clinical studies on ginseng to determine if it is helpful in controlling blood glucose levels, but more studies are necessary to support its efficacy.
Similarly, there was a 2012 review of 10 research studies on whether cinnamon was effective in controlling either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, notes the National Center for Complementary and Integrated Health. The review found that there was no clear evidence to support this premise. Instead, there may be health risks in consuming too much cinnamon, as it can adversely affecting the liver or interact with other medications.
The treatment options that can help to manage type 2 diabetes include a healthy diet, blood glucose monitoring, weight management and exercise. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot use insulin properly.