What Is Hepatic Cirrhosis?

Hepatic cirrhosis, or cirrhosis of the liver, is a complication of liver disease involving irreversible scarring of the liver and loss of normal liver function, reports MedicineNet. Hepatic cirrhosis is usually caused by chemicals or infectious agents that kill liver cells over time.

The most common causes of hepatic cirrhosis among adults in the United States are hepatitis C infection and chronic alcoholism, notes Healthline. Hepatic cirrhosis can lead to serious complications since the liver produces many substances required by the body and also helps filter toxins from the blood, according to MedicineNet. Symptoms of cirrhosis include jaundice, loss of appetite, extreme fatigue and blood in the stool. In extreme cases, patients require a liver transplant.