Treatment of heel pain includes resting, applying ice, taking over-the-counter pain medications and wearing properly fitting shoes, according to Healthline. Individuals with heel pain are also advised to put on night splints, which help stretch the foot during sleep, and use heel cups or shoe inserts for pain reduction.
People who suffer heel pain are recommended to place ice on the heel for around 10 to 15 minutes twice daily, says Healthline. If application of home care methods for up to three weeks fails to reduce pain, it is essential to consult a medical professional and undergo a physical exam. Doctors may recommend physical therapy to strengthen the foot’s muscles and tendons, thus preventing the injury from getting worse. They may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medications for severe pain. Some medications are taken orally, whereas others are injected into the foot.
Doctors typically suggest providing support for the affected foot by taping it or using footwear devices, states Healthline. Heel surgery is another possible treatment method. However, it usually needs a long recovery period, and it does not always alleviate heel pain.
Individuals can prevent heel pain by wearing appropriate shoes for physical activities, stretching the muscles before exercise and maintaining a healthy weight, notes Healthline. It is also important for a person to rest if he is feeling tired or if the muscles start to hurt.