Many doctors recommend both heat and cold treatments to relieve gout pain, according to WebMD. Heat alters the pain sensation, decreases muscle spasms, expands blood vessels and quickens blood circulation. Cold compresses constrict blood vessels, which decreases swelling and numbs deep pain.
Gout is a form of arthritis that typically affects one joint at a time, explains WebMD. Patients with gout can obtain relief from using moist heat, such as damp, heated towels or warm showers, or dry heat, including heat lamps and heating pads. For cold therapy, patients can use ice to make cold packs. Frozen bags of vegetables also work as instant cold packs. Some patients enjoy more relief when they alternate using moist heat and cold.