The treatment options for heart blockages include medication and surgery. Medically referred to as coronary artery disease or as coronary heart disease, this is a medical condition in which fatty deposits accumulate and block the coronary arteries, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine.
The risk factors for heart blockages include tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity and diabetes. Individuals with heart blockage problems experience shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, dizziness and chest pain, as the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute explains.
The type of treatment necessary for coronary heart disease depends on a number of factors, including age, medical history, overall health and type of heart blockage. For people with several heart blockages, the recommended treatment option is coronary artery bypass surgery, according to WebMD. The bypass surgery procedure restores the normal flow of blood by diverting the blood flow around the blockage in the artery.
Percutaneous coronary intervention, or PCI, is another treatment option for heart blockages. The types of PCI procedures include balloon angioplasty, laser angioplasty, atherectory and coronary artery stents. A PCI procedure widens the blocked artery to increase the flow of blood, as described by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
Medications used to treat heart blockages include antiplatelet medications, antihypertensives and antihyperlipidemics, as listed by Johns Hopkins Medicine. Other ways to help treat or prevent heart blockages include exercising and maintaining a healthy diet.