Hearing problems are commonly treated with medicine, hearing devices and surgery. Treatment of hearing problems depends on the cause and severity of the hearing loss, as stated by UCSF Medical Center. Hearing problems are classified into various classes, such as conductive hearing loss, mixed hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss.
Conductive hearing loss is caused by problems with the ear canal, ear drum or middle ear and its little bones. This condition leads to sound blockage, but it's temporary and treatable. For example, a conductive hearing loss caused by wax blocking the ear can be treated by removing the wax with drops, a syringe or suction. Hearing loss caused by a bacteria infection is also a type of conductive hearing loss that can be treated with antibiotics. Surgery can be used to repair perforated ear drums, correct hearing bone problems and drain fluids that build up in the ear.
Also known as nerve -related hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss is caused by problems of the inner ear. This condition is as a result of damage to the inner ear or the nerve that transmits sound to the brain. Once the sensitive hair cells in the cochlea are damaged, they cannot be repaired. Hearing aids can help individuals improve their hearing and quality of life.
Mixed hearing loss is a type of hearing problem combining both conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. Doctors will determine the appropriate hearing aids for the patient by evaluating lifestyle, personal needs and concerns. Doctors may also recommend hearing assistive devices.