Although there is no one correct diet plan for everyone with kidney problems, most kidney diets are low in sodium, protein and fat. Depending on the severity of the patient's kidney disease, a kidney diet may limit potassium, phosphorus and fluids as well, explains the American Kidney Fund. The number of calories in a kidney diet depends on the patient's activity level and weight goals.
A kidney diet plan generally includes foods like apples, cranberries, grapes, cabbage and peppers, as well as egg whites, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids and organic low-sodium soup, states DaVita. Instead of precooked or prepackaged meat products, which usually contain high levels of sodium, phosphate and potassium additives, individuals with kidney disease should choose fresh poultry and pork. Choosing meatless meals also reduces protein intake, thereby reducing stress on the kidneys.
A sample kidney meal plan may include a breakfast of cottage cheese pancakes, scrambled egg whites and coffee, according to DaVita. An ideal lunch may include lemon curry chicken salad on flatbread or pita bread. For dinner, a person on a kidney diet can try cilantro-lime cod, steamed rice, and lettuce, carrot and cucumber salad. Healthy snacks for an individual on a kidney diet include low-sodium crackers, strawberries or fresh pineapple.