Healthy foods for an individual with type 2 diabetes include the recommended amounts of fresh or frozen vegetables without added fats or salts, fruits without added sweeteners, lean meats and other protein foods, whole grains and low-fat dairy products, according to MedlinePlus. A wide variety of foods is best.
With type 2 diabetes, it's important for the blood sugar level to be monitored daily, according to WebMD. When an individual eats too many carbohydrates, the blood sugar level goes overly high. When an individual eats too few carbohydrates, the blood sugar level may drop too low. Managing carbohydrate intake can help maintain a steady blood sugar level.
A diabetic individual should eat 2 ½ to 3 cups of vegetables, 1 ½ to 2 cups of fruit, 3 to 4 ounces of grains, 5 to 6 ½ ounces of protein foods and 3 cups of dairy per day, according to MedlinePlus. Fats and oils should be limited to no more than 7 teaspoons daily. A registered dietitian can help a diabetic individual with balancing fat, carbohydrates and protein in the diet.
A person with diabetes should limit foods high in saturated fat and choose foods high in polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats such as nuts, fish and vegetable oils, according to MedlinePlus. Sugary desserts can be limited by not eating them frequently, having small portions and choosing sugar-free options.