What Is a Healthy Diet for Diabetic People?


Quick Answer

A healthy diet for diabetic people includes nutrient-rich whole foods that have a low glycemic index, some of which include beans, dark leafy greens, citrus fruits, berries, non-fat yogurt and salmon, according to the American Diabetes Association. Nuts, whole grains and sweet potatoes also make good dietary inclusions.

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Eating a balanced diet of whole foods enables people with diabetes to consume important vitamins as well as magnesium, calcium, potassium, fiber and other nutrients that are lacking in many foods included in the standard Western diet, explains the American Diabetes Association. Because blood sugar is a concern with diabetes, it is helpful to stick to as many low glycemic index foods as possible. Sweet potatoes, for example, have a lower glycemic index than regular potatoes while also serving as a rich source of vitamin A and fiber, making them a great food to include in a diabetic diet.

Individuals with diabetes should strive to incorporate foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, recommends the American Diabetes Association. Both whole grains and fish, such as salmon, serve as omega-3 fatty acid sources, although it is best to stay away from fish that is deep-fried or breaded. A guideline is to strive to eat 6 to 9 ounces of fresh fish each week. Whole grains also provide folate, chromium and magnesium.

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