Healthy cardiovascular exercises to perform after heart surgery include walking, stationary biking, rowing and water aerobics, as stated by the Cleveland Clinic. Exercises should begin while still in the hospital and continue at home with a cardiovascular rehabilitation program.
Healthy cardiovascular exercises are continuous, rhythmic, oxygen dependent and use large muscle groups. These types of movements exercise the heart and help the lungs to take in more oxygen. The intensity of the exercise is determined by the heart rate, and moderate intensity is required to achieve maximum health benefits, which is identified as the level of exercise that does not prevent holding a normal conversation but does prevent the ability to sing, according to David J. Cohen, MD, MPA.