The health effects of dysplasia vary according to the type of dysplasia, ranging from cervical cancer and arthritis to bone deformity and hearing loss, according to WebMD and Mayo Clinic. Dysplasia, which is the aggressive growth of cells, can occur in any tissue or organ of the body.
Fibrous dysplasia occurs when fibrous cells grow abnormally in bones, causing bone deformities, pain and bone fractures, explains Mayo Clinic. Depending on what bone the dysplasia affects, it can lead to vision and hearing loss due to deformity in the bones of the face and arthritis from affected bones in the pelvis and legs. Because there is no cure for fibrous dysplasia, a patient usually undergoes surgery to fix deformities and fractures and takes medications that strengthen bones and relieve bone pain.
Cervical dysplasia, which is often caused by the human papillomavirus and encourages the abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, can lead to cancer if it goes untreated, warns WebMD. Experts consider cervical dysplasia a precancerous condition. It can be treated by removing the cells through cryosurgery or laser surgery.
Kidney dysplasia often occurs in the developing kidneys of babies in the womb, states MedicineNet. Cysts grow in the kidneys, impairing kidney function and resulting in kidney failure.