According to WebMD, hummus is a traditional Middle Eastern spread that is rich in fiber, protein and various vitamins and minerals; it has also been linked to various health benefits, such as cancer prevention and cholesterol reduction. The main ingredient in hummus is chickpeas, which also contain more folic acid than other types of beans.
Saponins, protease inhibitors and phytic acid are found in beans, and the American Institute for Cancer Research has found that these three compounds help prevent the type of genetic damage that may lead to cancer. Traditional hummus recipes also call for sesame seed butter, which contains protein, monounsaturated fat, calcium and iron.
The Huffington Post states that hummus may indirectly help with weight management because it is rich in protein and iron. Increased levels of protein help curb hunger cravings and regulate blood sugar levels, and the increased iron content increases energy levels, which may boost people's motivation to exercise. Hummus contains folate and fiber. Folate has been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancers, and fiber promotes the growth of healthy bacteria in the colon, which also helps ward against cancer.
As stated by SFGate, hummus also contains small amounts of phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, calcium and zinc. All of these are important for regulating ordinary body functions, such as red blood cell production and blood pressure levels.