Bitter melon, also known as bitter gourd, has vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for people with diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, kidney stones, skin disorders and liver diseases. It is also a helpful supplement for people with HIV, according to WebMd.
Bitter melon is capable of reducing blood sugar levels as it has a nutrient, called polypeptide-P, which simulates insulin, says Nutrition-and-you.com. It also contains charantin, a hypoglycemic agent that boosts glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in the liver cells, muscle and adipose tissue. This low-calorie vegetable also prompts the smooth digestion of food, helping to eliminate indigestion and constipation problems. One hundred grams of raw bitter melon pod gives approximately 84 milligrams of vitamin C, which is 140 percent of the recommended daily intake. Bitter melon is also a good source of Vitamin A and flavonoids such as beta carotene, lutein and zea-xanthin.
Bitter melon is suggested for menstrual stimulation, wound healing, inflammation and hypertension, states Total Health Magazine. The extract of bitter melon has good impact on the nitric oxide system of the human blood vessels, which is beneficial for overall cardiovascular health.
In a laboratory study conducted by Saint Louis University, it was found that bitter melon extract decelerated the development of breast cancer cells, says Health.com.