Depending on the severity of hemorrhoids and the related symptoms, treatments include medications, minimally invasive procedures and surgery, explains Mayo Clinic. Home treatments for hemorrhoids include taking a sitz bath, applying cold or warm compresses, and avoiding soaps that contain perfumes or dye, notes WebMD.
People often use over-the-counter creams, ointments or suppositories to heal their hemorrhoids, reports Mayo Clinic. These products usually contain ingredients such as witch hazel or hydrocortisone to ease pain and itching. Some people also take ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen or aspirin to relieve pain and reduce swelling, notes WebMD. Using premoistened towelettes or baby wipes to clean the anus after bowel movements reduces irritation and helps hemorrhoids heal. Mayo Clinic recommends notifying a doctor if symptoms do not improve after one week of using home treatments.
Treating hemorrhoids that bleed frequently or cause intense pain sometimes requires a minimally invasive procedure, according to Mayo Clinic. One example is rubber band ligation, a procedure that involves a doctor placing a small rubber band around an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply. The hemorrhoid usually falls off within one week. Doctors usually reserve surgical procedures, such as hemorrhoid removal or hemorrhoid stapling, for severe hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatments or procedures.