Achilles tendonitis is a common condition among many athletes and occurs in the ankle's largest tendon, with symptoms including swelling and irritation, states About.com. It may be healed through resting and elevating the injured foot, although it may necessitate crutches or surgery in more serious cases.Continue Reading
Basic treatments of Achilles tendonitis may involve compressing and icing the foot to reduce ankle swelling, WebMD suggests. Compression can be accomplished through the use of elastic bandages around the foot and lower leg. Apply ice to the tendon daily while resting the foot on an elevated surface. Because Achilles tendonitis often results in tendon stiffness, routine strengthening exercises also may help to heal the injury if suggested by a medical practitioner.
If the tendon doesn't heal within six months, one of several surgical procedures may be performed to repair the damage, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Gastrocnemius recession surgery lengthens tight calf muscles in order to relieve stress and increase flexibility. Alternatively, debridement removes the damaged portion of the tendon and repairs the remaining portion. Pain-related complications after surgery may be treated with long-term physical therapy.
Achilles tendonitis injury may be avoided through preventative measures such as wearing supportive footwear, gradually increasing the intensity of exercise, and staying aware of tightness or pain in the legs while exercising, WebMD recommends. Runners susceptible to inflexible tendons may be at greater risk when running long distances or uphill.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases