At a urology physical, the urologist obtains the patient's medical history and then performs a physical and specialized tests, according to HealthCentral. Specific practices vary among doctors.
At a urology physical, the patient completes paperwork that helps the doctor assess the severity of the medical problem, according to North Shore-LIJ. The urologist asks the patient for detailed information regarding his medical history, including the medical problem to be addressed and the patent's medications. The patient typically must provide a urine sample.
The urologist performs a physical exam, concentrating on the genitourinary system, and examines the genitals and rectum to assess the condition of the prostate, advises North Shore-LIJ. After the physical examination, the urologist recommends a treatment plan for the patient. The urologist may order further specialized tests for a later visit to measure blood counts, kidney function, and prostate-specific antigen and testosterone levels. The doctor also may request sonography or imaging scans of the kidneys, the bladder and the prostate.
Sometimes the urologist recommends minimally-invasive procedures that the patient can undergo in the doctor's office, advises HealthCentral. These include a cystoscopy, which evaluates the bladder and the urethra; urodynamics to assess bladder function for patients with incontinence; and a biopsy.