Low liver enzymes in the blood are usually an indicator of a healthy liver, according to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs. It is possible, however, for an individual to show normal levels of liver enzymes while liver damage is present. Additional medical testing will often reveal this damage.Continue Reading
Liver enzyme blood testing is used to check levels of liver enzymes including ALT, AST and alkaline phosphatase, according to WebMD. Additional liver function testing includes a blood test to determine PT, INR, albumin and bilirubin levels. These diagnostic tools are critical for health care providers to detect inflammation and damage to the liver. The tests are also an indicator of how well the liver is filtering and processing blood, metabolizing nutrients, producing blood clotting substances and detoxifying toxic substances in the body.
AST, or aspartate aminotransferase, is a liver enzyme found in muscles and other tissues throughout the body. It is often referred to as SGOT. ALT, or alanine aminotransferase, is another liver enzyme sometimes referred to as SGPT. Akaline phosphatase is the most commonly tested liver enzyme, according to WebMD. Elevated levels of this protein can be an indicator of slow or blocked bile flow.
Additional diagnostic testing used to detect liver problems, according to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs, includes ultrasound, CAT scans, MRI and liver biopsies.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Low blood sodium, or hyponatremia, is a concern for the elderly because they are more likely to have conditions or take medicines that increase their risk factors. Common treatments include changing a particular medicine, altering hydration and salt intake levels, and treating the related disease, notes Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
A liver transplant involves surgically removing a healthy liver or portion of a liver from a donor, cutting an incision in the recipient's abdomen to access the damaged liver, detaching the damaged liver from the bile ducts and blood supply, placing the donor's liver in the recipient, reconnecting the new liver to the bile ducts and blood supply, and stitching the incision, according to Mayo Clinic. A surgeon performs a liver transplant while the patient is under general anesthesia.Full Answer >
When fat makes up more than 5 or 10 percent of a liver's weight, it has crossed the line from being a healthy liver to a fatty liver. If this is the case, alcoholic or nonalcoholic liver disease may have set in, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
A low white blood cell count, called leukopenia, may be caused by bone marrow problems, autoimmune disorders such as lupus, diseases involving the liver or spleen, certain viral illnesses or severe bacterial infections, states MedlinePlus. Radiation treatment and medications used for cancer treatment may also decrease white blood cell count.Full Answer >