An IUD is a small device inserted in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. The device hinders sperm movement and prevents egg attachment or the release of an egg in a woman's body. It is an effective form of birth control if inserted properly and if it stays in place.
An IUD can last for five to 10 years, depending on the type. It is ideal for women who breastfeed or have adverse reactions to estrogen. Some women use the devices to reduce menstrual cramping and bleeding. A healthcare provider can remove the IUD at any time if the woman wishes to become pregnant.
Mild to moderate cramping may occur after an IUD is inserted. Irregular periods and spotting are common at first but usually regulate after three to six months. The device does not prevent STDs.
A woman should check her IUD once a month to ensure it is still in place. A doctor can educate her on how to do this. Checking the IUD after a period is an easy way to remember.Learn more about Birth Control