When a hemorrhoid bursts, bright red blood can be seen coming from the anus following a bowel movement, explains Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. Pain and swelling may occur, but ruptured hemorrhoids heal quickly and on their own for most people.
The main cause of ruptured hemorrhoids is a high amount of pressure on the internal veins around the anus, notes Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. This pressure may occur due to the weight of the fetus in pregnant women, from sitting for extended periods of time or from being overweight or obese. Applying over-the counter hemorrhoid creams, using moist towelettes in place of toilet paper and soaking in a warm bath are some steps to take at home to relieve the symptoms of a burst hemorrhoid. A cold pack applied to the anus can help reduce any swelling.
Even in people with chronic ruptured hemorrhoids, the problem usually resolves on its own. In some rare cases, a surgical procedure is necessary, according to Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. Although bright red blood is typical, blood that is pink, brownish or lightly colored may indicate a more severe problem. A colon specialist can help determine whether surgery is necessary or if a more serious medical condition is the cause of blood in the stool.