During a vasectomy procedure, the testicles and scrotum undergo cleaning with an antiseptic, and the patient receives an oral or intravenous medication to reduce anxiety along with a local anesthetic, explains WebMD. The doctor locates the vas deferens and makes a small incision in the scrotum to cut the tubes, which he then ties, stitches or seals.
The doctor uses stitches that dissolve, so they do not require removal, states WebMD. In total, a vasectomy procedure takes from 20 to 30 minutes. A vasectomy takes place in an office or clinic, and a family doctor, urologist or general surgeon performs the procedure. There are variations of vasectomy procedures, including no-scalpel vasectomy and the Vasclip implant procedure.
A no-scalpel vasectomy involves poking a clamp through the scrotal skin, producing less bleeding and a smaller hole in the skin, explains WebMD. The Vasclip implant procedure involves clamping the vas deferens instead of cutting, suturing and cauterizing. Some studies indicate this type of clipping is not as effective as severing the vas deferens.
Upon surgery completion, the scrotal area is numb for 60 to 120 minutes, according to WebMD. Cold packs and wearing a jock strap help to ease discomfort. While the patient needs to avoid heavy lifting, he most likely can return to work in one to two days. Typically, he can resume sexual intercourse one week after the procedure.