During a prostate or urological exam, patients can expect to provide a urine sample, fill out a detailed medical history form, answer questions from the physician, submit to physical examination and discuss treatment options with the doctor, according to North Shore-LIJ. Experts advise men to solicit a urological exam by the age of 40, as reported by Everyday Health.
A urological exam usually involves two physical tests. The digital rectal exam allows the doctor to feel inside the rectum for any abnormal tissue; this exam is normally not painful. A PSA blood test screens the blood for high levels of PSA, or prostate specific antigen.