During a urological examination, a male patient provides a urine specimen and medical history and completes physical or imaging tests, states Northwell Health. After assessing the information, the urologist discusses follow-up treatment options with the patient and orders follow-up procedures.
Urologists detect and treat diseases affecting the male reproductive organs, the kidneys, the adrenal glands, the urethra and the urinary bladder, states Northwell Health. Medical history forms and questionnaires that discuss urination frequency and sexual health problems help determine the nature of the disease and the severity of the associated symptoms.
A urological examination also includes a physical exam of the genitourinary organs, states Northwell Health. The urologist performs a prostate exam using a digital rectal test. Depending upon the anomalies identified, the urologist may order additional testing, perform additional office procedures, test the kidneys or conduct blood tests, such as for blood cell count, testosterone or prostate-specific antigen.
Imaging studies, which may apply to the kidneys, prostate, bladder or other organs, may take place in a doctor’s office, according to Northwell Health. Other in-office procedures include biopsies, urodynamics and cystoscopies. A cystoscopy examines the bladder and urethra, while urodynamics is used to check bladder function for patients with incontinence.