During a hysteroscopy, a thin viewing tool is inserted into the vagina and through the cervix to the uterus, creating camera images of the uterine lining that the doctor views on a video screen, as stated by WebMD. A biopsy may also be taken to check the tissue for problems.
A gynecologist normally performs a hysterectomy in a surgery center or hospital room, but it may be performed in a doctor's office, according to WebMD. The patient may receive anesthesia to numb the area and help her relax. The patient begins by changing into a hospital gown and emptying her bladder before lying on an examination table and resting her feet in the provided stirrups. The doctor places a lubricated speculum into the vagina, gently spreading it open so both the vagina and the cervix are visible. The doctor then cleans the vagina before inserting a hysteroscope through the cervix and into the uterus.
The doctor may pass a special liquid or gas through the hysteroscope to improve viewing before examining the magnified images of the lining of the uterus, as stated by WebMD. The procedure normally takes 30 minutes unless other procedures must be performed. Women may experience cramping, dizziness or stomach sickness during the hysteroscopy, and the anesthesia may cause tickling, dryness or soreness of the throat.