According to the UK's National Health Service, not getting enough nutrition is referred to as under-nutrition and can cause a variety of health issues, including chronic exhaustion, weak muscles, inadequate immunity and weight loss. Under-nutrition in children can cause growth problems, irritability, anxiety and behavioral issues. Under-nutrition that is not caused by an underlying illness can be treated with dietary changes and nutrient supplements.Continue Reading
Medical News Today explains that malnutrition is an imbalance of nutrients in the body that occurs in individuals who do not consume the proper amount of nutrients in their diets. Under-nutrition can also lead to vitamin or mineral deficiencies like scurvy, an illness caused by vitamin C deficiency that occurs in children and adults. The UK's National Health Service explains that symptoms of scurvy include exhaustion, joint pain, swollen gums, shortness of breath, skin bruising and limb pain.
According to KidsHealth, malnutrition can occur in individuals who do not eat enough food, but it can also occur in individuals who eat balanced diets and suffer from illnesses such as celiac disease and cystic fibrosis. Celiac disease is a condition in which intestinal distress occurs after the ingestion of foods containing gluten, a substance that exists in wheat. Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition that causes malfunctioning of the lungs and pancreas. Children with cystic fibrosis are at risk for malnutrition due to the fact that the pancreas cannot properly absorb vital nutrients.Learn more about Nutritional Amounts & Limits