What Is a Hallux Valgus Deformity?


Quick Answer

A hallux valgus deformity, commonly known as a bunion, is a swollen bump at the base of the big toe, according to WebMD. The deformity of the bone causes the big toe to angle inward toward the second toe.

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Full Answer

Though bunions may be asymptomatic, they can cause pain and redness at the site, as noted by Mayo Clinic. A bunion can also limit movement of the big toe.

Bunions arise when pressure on the foot is imbalanced. Some people are genetically prone to forming bunions, while arthritis can also play a role. Improper footwear may contribute to the development of bunions.

Nonsurgical treatment methods such as resting the foot and wearing wider shoes with custom orthotics can often relieve bunion pain, notes MedicineNet. If conservative measures fail, surgery can correct the deformity.

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