The guidelines for treating all types of diabetes include eating a healthy diet and exercising, according to the Mayo Clinic. Doctors treat type 1 diabetes with insulin injections, blood sugar monitoring and carbohydrate counting. They treat type 2 diabetes using a combination of medications and insulin.
A healthy diet to treat diabetes centers around fruits, vegetables and whole grains, the Mayo Clinic clarifies. While no specific diabetes diet exists for every person, the Mayo Clinic suggests avoiding animal products, refined carbohydrates and sugary foods. People with diabetes generally eat these foods safely in moderation.
Getting 30 minutes or more of exercise most days of the week moves sugar into the body's cells, which it uses for energy, explains the Mayo Clinic. It increases the body's sensitivity to insulin, meaning the body needs less insulin overall with regular exercise.
Some people with diabetes check their blood sugar levels multiple times per week to keep it at a target goal, explains the Mayo Clinic. Most people with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes take insulin shots or pumps to get their blood sugar in the ideal range. Patients with type 1 diabetes sometimes benefit from a pancreas transplant. People with type 2 diabetes who have a body mass index of 35 or higher also benefit from bariatric surgery to lose weight.