What are guidelines for managing sepsis?


Quick Answer

According to the Sepsis Alliance, sepsis is a serious medical emergency and should be treated by a licensed medical practitioner immediately. The primary course of treatment involves taking antibiotics and receiving intravenous fluids. People may additionally have arterial lines inserted, have a central venous catheter inserted or take corticosteroids.

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Full Answer

Sepsis is the result of a bacterial infection and the immune system's response, states Wikipedia. It is a potentially fatal whole-body response to an infection, which causes inflammation and damages vital systems within the body. In severe cases, sepsis leads to septic shock, where high levels of lactate in the body complicate the infection. Septic shock also results from shock where intravenous fluids do not adequately resuscitate bodily functions. Sepsis is the result of a number of different type of infections, but bacterial infections are the primary culprit. Fungi, viruses and parasites are also known to cause sepsis.

The best way to manage sepsis is by catching it in the early stages before it becomes severe. Antibiotics and intravenous fluids are given to the patient in order to relieve symptoms and kill the infection that caused the immune system's overreaction. In addition to the aforementioned treatment options, Wikipedia states that the use of steroids for the treatment of sepsis is controversial within the medical community.

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